Physical abuse means any of the following

Assault, battery, unreasonable physical constraint, prolonged or continual deprivation of food or water, and sexual assault. Also included in California’s definition of physical abuse is the use of a physical or chemical restraint or psychotropic medication, as a means of punishment or for any purpose not authorized by a physician.

The indicators listed below were adapted in part from the National Center for Elder Abuse web site.

Signs and Symptoms of Physical Abuse:
• Bruises, black eyes, welts, lacerations, and rope marks;
• Bone fractures, broken bones, and skull fractures;
• Open wounds, cuts, punctures, untreated injuries in various stages of healing;
• Sprains, dislocations, and internal injuries/bleeding;
• Broken eyeglasses/frames, physical signs of being subjected to punishment, and signs
of being restrained;
• Laboratory findings of medication overdose or under utilization of prescribed drugs;
• An elder or dependent adult’s report of being hit, slapped, kicked, or mistreated;
• An elder’s sudden change in behavior;
• The caregiver’s refusal to allow visitors to see an elder or dependent adult alone.

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