Assault, battery, unreasonable physical constraint, prolonged or continual deprivation of food or water, and sexual assault. Also included in California’s definition of physical abuse is the use of a physical or chemical restraint or psychotropic medication, as a means of punishment or for any purpose not authorized by a physician.
HOW IS ABUSE RECOGNIZED?
The indicators listed below were adapted in part from the National Center for Elder Abuse web site.
Signs and Symptoms of Physical Abuse:
• Bruises, black eyes, welts, lacerations, and rope marks;
• Bone fractures, broken bones, and skull fractures;
• Open wounds, cuts, punctures, untreated injuries in various stages of healing;
• Sprains, dislocations, and internal injuries/bleeding;
• Broken eyeglasses/frames, physical signs of being subjected to punishment, and signs
of being restrained;
• Laboratory findings of medication overdose or under utilization of prescribed drugs;
• An elder or dependent adult’s report of being hit, slapped, kicked, or mistreated;
• An elder’s sudden change in behavior;
• The caregiver’s refusal to allow visitors to see an elder or dependent adult alone.